In the children’s literature classic Alice in Wonderland there is the following exchange between the curious, brave and intelligent Alice and the mysterious and devious Cheshire cat.
“Alice: Would you tell me, please, which way I ought to go from here?
The Cheshire Cat : That depends a good deal on where you want to get to.
Alice: I don’t much care where.
The Cheshire Cat: Then it doesn’t much matter, which way you go.
Alice: So long as I get somewhere.
The Cheshire Cat: Oh, you’re sure to do that, if only you walk long enough.”
I have been reflecting on this exchange quite a lot lately, Alice’s ambivalence about where she was going as long as it was somewhere and the Cheshire Cat’s response that she would indeed get somewhere if she continued on long enough.
Early childhood educators are going somewhere.
They are on the documentation pilgrimage and I use the word pilgrimage intentionally. Typically pilgrimage refers to a journey or search to a location of great importance.
Early childhood educators are on their way to the shrine of National Quality Standards, Early Years Learning Frameworks and National Law, and having arrived at our destination we have reduced children’s learning, development and potentials to 5 outcomes and have failed to take advantage of the rich opportunity for rich, purposeful documentation decisions that was provided to us. So this is where we are.
Thinking about the pilgrimage that early childhood educators take every week it is fair to say we are doing a lot of walking. If early childhood educators wore documentation pedometers to work we would very likely meet the target steps required. The pedometers would tell us that we have indeed arrived somewhere, however I am not sure we know where that somewhere is.
Do we care where we are going or is it just important that we get somewhere? Do we care what kind of documentation we collect or just that we can provide evidence of having collected it?
When the Early Years Learning Framework (EYLF) and the Victorian Early Years Learning and Development Framework (VEYLDF) were first introduced a common analogy that was used to describe how they might be used was to think of them as a house frame that provided an essential bracing structure.These fixtures and fittings were our curriculum approaches, our philosophies and pedagogical practices. This is where you could enact the “lived” curriculum.
This was very useful for educators and we were well on our way to visualizing and understanding the intent of the documents and the wonderful opportunities they provided to us to deliver contemporary early childhood education that relied on useful documentation.
Unfortunately we have not got as far with our curriculum fixtures and fittings as we could have and should have. The rich potential that the early learning frameworks documents handed to us has not been fully realised and instead of doing more and being more with young children, we are documenting more and not always successfully. We have become focused on matching experiences and activities to outcomes, and then producing reams of documentation to evidence these sometimes, tenuous connections.
Educators must leave behind a largely unhelpful way of documenting the work they do with young children and look for better ways to document the strong pedagogical learning and approaches that underpin the programs that are delivered to children in early learning environments across Australia, every day. To do this we will firstly have to stop working and thinking in a panopticon of surveillance. Who is it that tells us that we have to produce portfolios for every child, who is it that says every child must have a certain number of learning stories completed for each child? Who is it that we think we are being surveilled by?
The notion of working in a panopticon is a useful construct in this discussion. A panopticon is a type of building that is designed in such a way to allow people to be observed, it is typically used in the design of prisons. It allows a “watchman” to observe its occupants without them knowing whether they are observed or not. The idea is, that because you do not know when you are being watched you behave like you are. Are we documenting children’s learning because we think we will be in trouble if we don’t? Are we generating copious amounts of documentation because someone might check? The watchman should not be your focal point.
Early childhood educators are required to provide meaningful information about learning and development to children, to families, to the community and to each other, that demonstrates a way of understanding and articulating what they are doing, how they are doing it and what it all means. Of the 2 standards and 9 elements that make up Quality Area 1 – Program and Practice in the National Quality Framework (NQF) there is nothing in framework documents that speaks to the quantity of documentation required, rather, it encourages us to be focused, active and reflective in our documentation decisions. The quality of this information does not rely on quantity.
We have known for a long time that the process is more important than the product, when it comes to the artifacts that children produce, yet this knowledge does not seem to be reflected in how we document children’s learning. We have become more focused on what children have done and how best to evidence that, rather than what they have learned and how best to share it. The task facing early childhood educators is produce documentation that is orientated not towards our capacity to meet outcomes but rather to a way of informing our curriculum and pedagogical decisions.
A lot of early childhood educators will tell you that they are drowning in paperwork, that the demands for evidence of children’s learning and development are taking them away from their core business of being with children. I think this argument is redundant. I wonder who is making these documentation demands and who are the beneficiaries of this prodigious documentation output?
During a recent professional development session I was facilitating, a group of educators told me the following story:
They went on a road trip, far away from their small country town to take a look at what some services were doing to document children’s learning. They went, they looked, they touched, and they were amazed. They thought that the service was beautiful, the documentation meaningful and most importantly, it was visible. There were program plans and displays of children’s work everywhere.
One of the educators told me about a conversation she overheard between two children in the playground. The children were playing and upon making some discovery that was of great interest to them, they spent some time investigating and discussing it. One of the children expressed a desire to go and tell an educator in the playground so they too could take a look, but upon hearing this idea the second child said, “don’t do that, then we will have to talk about it and draw it and stuff, and get asked questions?”
When did it all become about evidence and what do children think about this?
Maybe I am mad but I say, document for meaning, document because it tells you something, document because it makes you think of something, document to share learning, after all when it is visible it’s shareable!
Document like there is nobody watching.
It will require a strong conviction and belief in your own pedagogical practices to challenge the norms and assumptions that sometimes are the dominant voice in the discussion on documentation best practice. People might think you are mad but it will be worth it.
I return to my thinking about Alice and the Cheshire Cat
“But I don’t want to go among mad people,” Alice remarked.
“Oh, you can’t help that,” said the Cat: “we’re all mad here. I’m mad. You’re mad.”
“How do you know I’m mad?” said Alice.
“You must be,” said the Cat, “or you wouldn’t have come here.”
This article has been contributed by Karen Hope. Karen is an early childhood professional who has had extensive experience in a broad range of early childhood settings. Karen has completed a Bachelor of Early Childhood Education and a Masters in Education. She has worked in sessional kindergarten programs and in Local Government as a preschool adviser providing support, coaching and mentoring. Karen has worked in quality assurance, NQF implementation and as a pedagogical leader in local government.
She established Karen Hope Consulting in 2014. This consultancy practice specialises in early childhood education and care, and supports quality programs and practices across Melbourne. Karen specialises in on-site coaching, pedagogical leadership, and children’s rights to participation. She provides individual service support or group training.
She lectures on child development, play theory and documentation at two universities in Melbourne.